DENSO Develops a New low cost Fuel Injection System for Small Motorcycles
Global automotive supplier DENSO Corporation has developed a new electronic fuel injection system for small motorcycles called DIET-FI*. DIET-FI is the world’s first fuel injection system that doesn’t use a throttle position sensor or engine temperature sensor. Instead, it uses newly developed control technologies that ensure the same fuel economy and environmental performance as conventional fuel injection systems, thus cutting costs.
(*DIET-FI: DENSO Intelligent Economical Technology-Fuel Injection)
Usually, fuel injection systems are only used in motorcycles, but in recent years there has been a growing need to apply these systems to smaller motorized bikes up to the size of 150cc that are used in emerging markets, such as China.
DENSO researched this trend and identified a low-cost fuel injection system that delivers similar fuel economy and environmental performance as conventional systems but with fewer components.
DENSO’s DIET-FI has five fewer components than conventional systems. Through extensive research, DENSO developed control technologies that were able to eliminate the throttle position sensor, intake air temperature sensor, engine temperature sensor and idle speed control (ISC) step motor. Specific compensation technologies include a temperature estimation control that integrates a thermistor into an electronic control unit and a fuel metering control to determine acceleration/deceleration using an intake air pipe pressure sensor.
DIET-FI is currently manufactured by Gongcheng DENSO (Chongqing) Co., Ltd., a group company that manufactures motorcycle components, and will be supplied to Wuyang-Honda Motors (Guangzhou) Co., Ltd.
DENSO is committed to developing environmental technologies to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions, and develop products suited to regional needs.
DENSO Corporation, headquartered in Kariya, Aichi prefecture, Japan, is a leading global automotive supplier of advanced technology, systems and components in the areas of thermal, powertrain control, electronics and information and safety. Its customers include all the world’s major carmakers. Worldwide, the company has more than 200 subsidiaries and affiliates in 38 countries and regions (including Japan) and employs nearly 140,000 people. DENSO common stock is traded on the Tokyo and Nagoya stock exchanges. For more information, go to www.globaldenso.com, or visit our media website at www.densomediacenter.com
[Reference: Overview of FI systems (electronic fuel injection systems)]
FI systems for motorcycles consist of sensors, actuators, and ECUs to ensure high-precision control of the air-fuel ratio. The optimal fuel injection volume is calculated based on the air volume, engine condition, etc., which are detected by sensors. The fuel from the fuel pump is fed into the engine by injectors with high precision.
The widespread application of FI systems to small motorcycles will require smaller components, simpler systems, fewer components, and lower cost compared with four-wheelers and large motorcycles.